Waste Management

The current issue

During trekking season (6 months every year), the volume of waste increases 85 times

It is not economically viable to bring this down, as there is no road connectivity

- it has to be brought down either by porters, or jhopkyos
- the logistical costs & physical challenges are too high for the locals

Currently: the waste collected is transferred to pits, and burned

This causes air pollution, soil & water contamination, while disturbing the natural environment of the National Park

The integrated solution

A hub and spoke model for waste collection, along the Everest Base Camp trekking route

Approx. 50 Environmental Stations will be developed, in coordination with SPCC

- waste collected by SPCC, from households, tourist lodges, public dustbins, will be transported to these stations for collection and storage

4 MRF’s [Material Recovery Facility], will be developed and operated by SPCC

- Waste from the stations will be taken to these MRF’s, for further segregation + processing = shredding, bailing, compressing

From the MRF

- 5% of the waste will go to SN for up-cycling
- 35% carried down by “waste pick up program” – trekkers and tour operators
- 60% moved by SPCC from MRF to Lukla on jhopkyos, then by plane to Kathmandu
- At KTM airport, Blue Waste to Value will collect and do further processing


SPCC is the nodal organization (NGO) in Sagarmatha National Park, in charge of waste management

Sagarmatha Next is providing them this integrated plan for waste management

Sagarmatha Next has developed this plan along with Blue Waste to Value, bw2v.com, a waste management company in Kathmandu, who is contributing their technical know-how & best practices

Blue Waste to value will develop, design, train and assist SPCC in carrying out the activities

The most important feature

  • The most important feature of the waste management system is the
    “Carry Me Back“
    bag project, developed by Sagarmatha Next
  • It will give trekkers an opportunity to reduce their environmental footprint, by participating in waste removal from the region, and becoming a part of the solution.